PBH110 Introduction to Happiness and Positive Psych… 1 answer below »

PBH110 Introduction to Happiness and Positive Psych…
1 answer below »Multiple choice questions 1 to 10 each carries 0.5 marks for the right answer (total of 5 marks).
Directions: Mark the letter of the choice that best completes each statement.
Intrinsic goals are motivated by: Personal enjoyment The opinions of others Prizes Status What is “flow”? Being completely immersed in a task Being focused on the here and now A state in which a person is completely absorbed in what he/she is doing All the above
Which of the following statements best characterizes the relationship between happiness and social relationships? Happiness and relationships are unrelated Good relationships are necessary for happiness Strong relationships don’t guarantee happiness, but happiness cannot occur without them B and C Forgiveness means: a) Justifying the transgressor’s behavior Re-establishing a relationship with the transgressor Condoning the transgressor’s behavior A shift in mindset where you release the bitterness, anger, and desire for revenge against the transgressor Which of the following things can help you deal with negative thoughts Scheduling a time to think about them Disputing them Distracting yourself from them All the above Smart goals are: Special, measurable, attainable, reliable, and time bound Specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time bound Super, memorable, admirable, realistic, and temporary
What is one benefit of forgiveness? Letting the other person win makes the situation easier to deal with If you don’t forgive, you become the bad person When you hold on to bitterness or hate, you harm yourself more than the other person There are no benefits to forgiveness. It makes you sad and weak How do peoples’ individual personalities or life circumstances affect the potential impact of happiness activities (AOK, 3 good things, forgives, active listening, gratitude journal, explanatory style, goal setting etc.)? Happiness activities produce similar happiness benefits for everyone regardless of personality and life circumstances For happiness activities to work at all, people need to change their personality Impact depends on people’s personalities What is mindfulness? Thinking of many different things at once Observing your positive and negative thoughts without judging them Paying attention, on purpose and carefully, to the contents of this moment in a friendly and allowing way B and C The state of flow can be achieved when the task you are working on is: a) Too difficult for your skill set
b) Too easy for your skill set
c) Just challenging enough (but not too difficult) for your skill set
SECTION 2
Short text questions 1 to 5 each carries 2 marks (total of 10 marks).
Directions: State short answers for the questions below.
What is the difference between problem-focused and emotion-focused coping? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation/goals?
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. What are some ways that flow can contribute to happiness and wellbeing?
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. What are some things you can ask yourself and reflect on to help you create meaning from an experience?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. If you were to teach someone how to practice mindfulness, how would you instruct them to do it?
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
SECTION 3
Case studies carry 5 Marks each (Total of 15 marks) – you need to answer ALL three of them.
Directions: Read the 3 following case studies and answer questions stated in bullet points.
Answer to the questions based on your knowledge about positive psychology and happiness theory. Case 1 – Cultivating optimism
Kayla has always dreamed about working as a fashion designer in New York. After finishing her degree in fashion design, she applied to multiple jobs in New York, hoping to move there and start her dream career. Unfortunately, to Kayla’s disappointment, she was rejected by all of the companies which she applied to work at.
How can Kayla cultivate optimism in this situation? What should she do after being rejected so many times? What questions should she ask herself? What elements of this experience should she focus on? Be as specific as possible.
Case 2 – Achievement Case: Kyle is a psychology student – this is his story: “I went to university at 18, I had my heart set on a career in psychology, and started a degree in psychology with neuropsychology at Bangor University. WhileI loved the town, the local lifestyle, and a lot of the subject areas in the degree, I hadn’t understood going in how much of the first year was going to be focused on statistics and research methods. Having passed the other modules in my first year, I spent the second year retaking the two statistic modules – I’m not the best mathematician. In order to progress to my second year I will have to improve my performance at university
Go through Kyle’s case and RE-write Kyle’s goal about improvement according to each SMART characteristic. Also describe the thoughts that lead you there. Case 3 – Forgiveness Case study: When Chris Carrier was 10 years old, he was abducted near his Florida home, taken into the swamps, stabbed repeatedly in the chest and abdomen with an ice pick, and then shot through the temple with a handgun. Remarkably, hours after being shot, he awoke with a headache, unable to see out of one eye. He stumbled to the highway and stopped a car, which took him to the hospital.
Years later, a police officer told Chris that the man suspected of his abduction lay close to death. “Confront him,” suggested the officer. Chris did more than that. He comforted his attacker during the man’s final weeks of life and ultimately forgave him, bringing peace to them both. Describe the benefits of forgiving in terms of wellbeing
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